Professional Diploma in Hazardous Safety Engineering

www.highlightcomputer.com/profdiphazardous.htm

Professional Diploma in Hazardous Safety Engineering

Course Objective

This course provides the information and knowledge related to safely working in hazardous areas, safe working knowledge, safety protection equipments, systems and methods, auditing the safety requirements of hazardous area engineering works such as mining, petroleum, chemical plants ,civil ,electrical and mechanical engineering

Pre-requisite

Professional Diploma/ Bachelor degree in Engineering (Any discipline)

Course Outline

It consists of 8 units with each 5 credits.

BAE 631E Maintenance & Repair Works in Hazardous Areas

http://www.filefactory.com/file/7lbmqnqxc3fr/BAE631.zip

BAE 632E Electrical Wiring in Hazardous Areas

http://www.filefactory.com/file/5dqqiwmepr35/BAE632.zip

BAE 633E Hazardous Area Safety Audits

http://www.filefactory.com/file/4d79qeoi8tqn/BAE633.zip

BAE 634 Explosion Protection

http://www.filefactory.com/file/3mb35hm1xngp/BAE634.zip

BAE 635E Testing in Hazardous Areas

http://www.filefactory.com/file/20u974pyy5fl/BAE635.zip

BAE 636 E Hazardous Area Inspection

http://www.filefactory.com/file/3v6on930xgfx/BAE636.zip

BAE 637E Hazardous Chemical Management

http://www.filefactory.com/file/3j2209rntsmh/BAE637.zip

BAE 638E Environmental Engineering in Hazardous Areas

http://www.filefactory.com/file/13uvb2r7uyeb/BAE638.zip

 

 

Study Method & Assessment

The students will need to read the reference materials provided in folder of each unit & write the report on their study for each unit.

The report should contain

Each report should be Arial 11 fonts with 10 to 20 pages written in own words by using English..

Insert the appropriate diagrams & tables, formula and data related to information.

 

Detailed Topics

 

BAE 631 Maintenance & Repair Works in Hazardous Areas

UEENEEM019A Attend to breakdowns in hazardous areas - coal mining

KS01-EM019A

Explosion protection, certification and techniques

Evidence shall show an understanding of Ex certification schemes and techniques to

accepted Standards to an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T2  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T3  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T4  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T5  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T6  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T7  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T8  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

  The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

for use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires)

UEENEEM020A Attend to breakdowns in hazardous areas - gas

Atmospheres

KS01-EM020A

Explosion protection, certification and techniques

Evidence shall show an understanding of Ex certification schemes and techniques to

accepted Standards to an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T2  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T3  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T4  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T5  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T6  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T7  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T8  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

  The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

for use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires).

UEENEEM021A Attend to breakdowns in hazardous areas - dust

Atmospheres

KS01-EM021A

Explosion protection, certification and techniques

Evidence shall show an understanding of Ex certification schemes and techniques to

accepted Standards to an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T2  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T3  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T4  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T5  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T6  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T7  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T8  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

  The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

for use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires).

UEENEEM022A Attend to breakdowns in hazardous areas – pressurisation

KS01-EM022A

Explosion protection, certification and techniques

Evidence shall show an understanding of Ex certification schemes and techniques to

accepted Standards to an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T2  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T3  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T4  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T5  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T6  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T7  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T8  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

  The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

for use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires).

UEENEEM027A Maintain equipment in hazardous areas - coal mining

KS01-EM027A

Explosion protection installation and maintenance requirements

Evidence shall show an understanding of explosion protection installation and

maintenance requirements to an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T2  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T3  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T4  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T5  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T6  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T7  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T8  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

  The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

for use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires).

T9  Preparation to install and maintain explosion-protected equipment in

hazardous areas encompassing:

  OHS procedures to be followed when working in a hazardous area;

the significance of information provided on the certification documentation

and schedules for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  the typical contents of a verification dossier and their purpose; and

  limitations in the use of tools and testing devices in hazardous areas.

T10  The relationship between explosion-protected equipment, their certification

documents and required locations given in specifications and layout drawings and/or

written instructions encompassing:

  the purpose of markings on the compliance plate and certification documents

for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  matching explosion-protected equipment with certification documents and the

equipment specified for an installation; and

  the location the items of explosion-protected equipment for an installation

from specifications and layout drawings and/or instructions.

T11  Installation Standards and requirements applicable to hazardous

encompassing:

  the wiring systems permitted and not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  equipment not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  the regulations and Standards to which explosion-protected equipment and

wiring must be installed in a hazardous area and how these are applied; and

  the documentation required as a record of the installation process, including

certification documentation.

T12  Maintenance procedures in hazardous areas that will ensure the integrity of the

explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  the purpose of a maintenance schedule;

  the purpose and extent of ‘close’, ‘sample’ and ‘periodic’ inspections;

  the features of each explosion-protection techniques that should be included in

a maintenance schedule;

  the impact of environmental conditions on explosion-protected equipment,

including corrosion and frequency of maintenance;

  the documentation requirements for recording the maintenance process and

results;

  the use of Standards in determining the requirements with which the design of

explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T13  Cable termination types suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  explosion protection features of cable terminations devices.

  selecting compliant cable termination devices.

T14  Terminating cables suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  installing conduit systems, where applicable, including seals to meet hazardous

areas requirements. (Gases only.)

  terminating a cable with a barrier gland. (Gases only.)

  terminating a multipair, SWA, overall screened, individual screened cable into

an enclosure.

  testing termination/connections of installed cables/circuits.

UEENEEM028A Maintain equipment in hazardous areas - gas

Atmospheres

KS01-EM028A

Explosion protection installation and maintenance requirements

Evidence shall show an understanding of explosion protection installation and

maintenance requirements to an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T2  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T3  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T4  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T5  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T6  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T7  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T8  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

  The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

for use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires).

T9  Preparation to install and maintain explosion-protected equipment in

hazardous areas encompassing:

  OHS procedures to be followed when working in a hazardous area;

the significance of information provided on the certification documentation

and schedules for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  the typical contents of a verification dossier and their purpose; and

  limitations in the use of tools and testing devices in hazardous areas.

T10  The relationship between explosion-protected equipment, their certification

documents and required locations given in specifications and layout drawings and/or

written instructions encompassing:

  the purpose of markings on the compliance plate and certification documents

for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  matching explosion-protected equipment with certification documents and the

equipment specified for an installation; and

  the location the items of explosion-protected equipment for an installation

from specifications and layout drawings and/or instructions.

T11  Installation Standards and requirements applicable to hazardous

encompassing:

  the wiring systems permitted and not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  equipment not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  the regulations and Standards to which explosion-protected equipment and

wiring must be installed in a hazardous area and how these are applied; and

  the documentation required as a record of the installation process, including

certification documentation.

T12  Maintenance procedures in hazardous areas that will ensure the integrity of the

explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  the purpose of a maintenance schedule;

  the purpose and extent of ‘close’, ‘sample’ and ‘periodic’ inspections;

  the features of each explosion-protection techniques that should be included in

a maintenance schedule;

  the impact of environmental conditions on explosion-protected equipment,

including corrosion and frequency of maintenance;

  the documentation requirements for recording the maintenance process and

results;

  the use of Standards in determining the requirements with which the design of

explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T13  Cable termination types suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  explosion protection features of cable terminations devices.

  selecting compliant cable termination devices.

T14  Terminating cables suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  installing conduit systems, where applicable, including seals to meet hazardous

areas requirements. (Gases only.)

  terminating a cable with a barrier gland. (Gases only.)

  terminating a multipair, SWA, overall screened, individual screened cable into

an enclosure.

  testing termination/connections of installed cables/circuits.

UEENEEM029A Maintain equipment in hazardous areas - dust

Atmospheres

KS01-EM029A

Explosion protection installation and maintenance requirements

Evidence shall show an understanding of explosion protection installation and

maintenance requirements to an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T2  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T3  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T4  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T5  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T6  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T7  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T8  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

  The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

for use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires).

T9  Preparation to install and maintain explosion-protected equipment in

hazardous areas encompassing:

  OHS procedures to be followed when working in a hazardous area;

the significance of information provided on the certification documentation

and schedules for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  the typical contents of a verification dossier and their purpose; and

  limitations in the use of tools and testing devices in hazardous areas.

T10  The relationship between explosion-protected equipment, their certification

documents and required locations given in specifications and layout drawings and/or

written instructions encompassing:

  the purpose of markings on the compliance plate and certification documents

for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  matching explosion-protected equipment with certification documents and the

equipment specified for an installation; and

  the location the items of explosion-protected equipment for an installation

from specifications and layout drawings and/or instructions.

T11  Installation Standards and requirements applicable to hazardous

encompassing:

  the wiring systems permitted and not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  equipment not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  the regulations and Standards to which explosion-protected equipment and

wiring must be installed in a hazardous area and how these are applied; and

  the documentation required as a record of the installation process, including

certification documentation.

T12  Maintenance procedures in hazardous areas that will ensure the integrity of the

explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  the purpose of a maintenance schedule;

  the purpose and extent of ‘close’, ‘sample’ and ‘periodic’ inspections;

  the features of each explosion-protection techniques that should be included in

a maintenance schedule;

  the impact of environmental conditions on explosion-protected equipment,

including corrosion and frequency of maintenance;

  the documentation requirements for recording the maintenance process and

results;

  the use of Standards in determining the requirements with which the design of

explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T13  Cable termination types suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  explosion protection features of cable terminations devices.

  selecting compliant cable termination devices.

T14  Terminating cables suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  installing conduit systems, where applicable, including seals to meet hazardous

areas requirements. (Gases only.)

  terminating a cable with a barrier gland. (Gases only.)

  terminating a multipair, SWA, overall screened, individual screened cable into

an enclosure.

  testing termination/connections of installed cables/circuits.

UEENEEM030A Maintain equipment in hazardous areas – pressurisation

KS01-EM030A Explosion protection installation and maintenance requirements

Evidence shall show an understanding of explosion protection installation and

maintenance requirements to an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T2  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T3  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T4  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T5  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

REQUIRED SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE

T6  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T7  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T8  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

  The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

for use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires).

T9  Preparation to install and maintain explosion-protected equipment in

hazardous areas encompassing:

  OHS procedures to be followed when working in a hazardous area;

  the significance of information provided on the certification documentation

and schedules for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  the typical contents of a verification dossier and their purpose; and

  limitations in the use of tools and testing devices in hazardous areas.

T10  The relationship between explosion-protected equipment, their certification

documents and required locations given in specifications and layout drawings and/or

written instructions encompassing:

  the purpose of markings on the compliance plate and certification documents

for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  matching explosion-protected equipment with certification documents and the

equipment specified for an installation; and

  the location the items of explosion-protected equipment for an installation

from specifications and layout drawings and/or instructions.

T11  Installation Standards and requirements applicable to hazardous

encompassing:

  the wiring systems permitted and not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  equipment not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  the regulations and Standards to which explosion-protected equipment and

wiring must be installed in a hazardous area and how these are applied; and

  the documentation required as a record of the installation process, including

certification documentation.

T12  Maintenance procedures in hazardous areas that will ensure the integrity of the

explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  the purpose of a maintenance schedule;

  the purpose and extent of ‘close’, ‘sample’ and ‘periodic’ inspections;

  the features of each explosion-protection techniques that should be included in

a maintenance schedule;

  the impact of environmental conditions on explosion-protected equipment,

including corrosion and frequency of maintenance;

  the documentation requirements for recording the maintenance process and

results;

  the use of Standards in determining the requirements with which the design of

explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T13  Cable termination types suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  explosion protection features of cable terminations devices.

  selecting compliant cable termination devices.

T14  Terminating cables suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  installing conduit systems, where applicable, including seals to meet hazardous

areas requirements. (Gases only.)

terminating a cable with a barrier gland. (Gases only.)

  terminating a multipair, SWA, overall screened, individual screened cable into

an enclosure.

  testing termination/connections of installed cables/circuits.

UEENEEM047A Develop and manage maintenance programs for

hazardous areas electrical equipment - coal mining

KS01-EM047A

Hazardous areas maintenance management

Evidence shall show an understanding of hazardous areas maintenance management to

an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T2  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T3  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T4  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T5  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T6  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T7  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T8  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

for use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires).

T9  Maintenance procedures in hazardous areas that will ensure the integrity of the

explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  the purpose of a maintenance schedule;

  the purpose and extent of ‘close’, ‘sample’ and ‘periodic’ inspections;

  the features of each explosion-protection techniques that should be included in

a maintenance schedule;

  the impact of environmental conditions on explosion-protected equipment,

including corrosion and frequency of maintenance;

  the documentation requirements for recording the maintenance process and

results; and

  the use of Standards in determining the requirements with which the design of

explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T10  The responsibilities of a person managing activities or a site related to a

hazardous area, encompassing:

  OHS procedures that are to be established;

  responsibilities for ensuring that a hazardous area is safe; and

  responsibilities and processes for establishing and maintaining a verification

dossier.

T11  Explosion-protection strategies in relation to a hazardous area, encompassing:

  the process of classifying a hazardous area;

  various ways in which electrical systems /apparatus can be treated to prevent

them from becoming an ignition source; and

  the cost of the different ways of treating electrical systems/apparatus

associated with hazardous areas.

T12  Requirements for the maintenance of electrical systems associated with

hazardous areas, encompassing:

  the type and grades of inspection of hazardous areas;

  maintenance programs for electrical explosion-protected systems/apparatus;

And documentation requirements associated with maintenance procedures.

BAE 632 Electrical Wiring in Hazardous Areas

UEENEEM023A Install explosion-protected equipment and wiring systems

- coal mining

KS01-EM023A

Explosion protection installation and maintenance requirements

Evidence shall show an understanding of explosion protection installation and

maintenance requirements to an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T2  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T3  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T4  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T5  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T6  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T7  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T8  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

  The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

for use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires).

T9  Preparation to install and maintain explosion-protected equipment in

hazardous areas encompassing:

  OHS procedures to be followed when working in a hazardous area;

  the significance of information provided on the certification documentation

and schedules for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  the typical contents of a verification dossier and their purpose; and

  limitations in the use of tools and testing devices in hazardous areas.

T10  The relationship between explosion-protected equipment, their certification

documents and required locations given in specifications and layout drawings and/or

written instructions encompassing:

  the purpose of markings on the compliance plate and certification documents

for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  matching explosion-protected equipment with certification documents and the

equipment specified for an installation; and

  the location the items of explosion-protected equipment for an installation

from specifications and layout drawings and/or instructions.

T11  Installation Standards and requirements applicable to hazardous

encompassing:

  the wiring systems permitted and not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  equipment not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  the regulations and Standards to which explosion-protected equipment and

wiring must be installed in a hazardous area and how these are applied; and

  the documentation required as a record of the installation process, including

certification documentation.

T12  Maintenance procedures in hazardous areas that will ensure the integrity of the

explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  the purpose of a maintenance schedule;

  the purpose and extent of ‘close’, ‘sample’ and ‘periodic’ inspections;

  the features of each explosion-protection techniques that should be included in

a maintenance schedule;

  the impact of environmental conditions on explosion-protected equipment,

including corrosion and frequency of maintenance;

  the documentation requirements for recording the maintenance process and

results;

  the use of Standards in determining the requirements with which the design of

explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T13  Cable termination types suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  explosion protection features of cable terminations devices.

  selecting compliant cable termination devices.

T14  Terminating cables suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  installing conduit systems, where applicable, including seals to meet hazardous

areas requirements. (Gases only.)

  terminating a cable with a barrier gland. (Gases only.)

  terminating a multipair, SWA, overall screened, individual screened cable into

an enclosure.

  testing termination/connections of installed cables/circuits.

UEENEEM025A Install explosion-protected equipment and wiring systems

- dust atmospheres

KS01-EM025A

Explosion protection installation and maintenance requirements

Evidence shall show an understanding of explosion protection installation and

maintenance requirements to an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T2  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T3  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T4  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T5  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T6  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T7  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T8  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

  The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

for use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires).

T9  Preparation to install and maintain explosion-protected equipment in

hazardous areas encompassing:

  OHS procedures to be followed when working in a hazardous area;

  the significance of information provided on the certification documentation

and schedules for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  the typical contents of a verification dossier and their purpose; and

  limitations in the use of tools and testing devices in hazardous areas.

T10  The relationship between explosion-protected equipment, their certification

documents and required locations given in specifications and layout drawings and/or

written instructions encompassing:

  the purpose of markings on the compliance plate and certification documents

for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  matching explosion-protected equipment with certification documents and the

equipment specified for an installation; and

  the location the items of explosion-protected equipment for an installation

from specifications and layout drawings and/or instructions.

T11  Installation Standards and requirements applicable to hazardous

encompassing:

  the wiring systems permitted and not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  equipment not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  the regulations and Standards to which explosion-protected equipment and

wiring must be installed in a hazardous area and how these are applied; and

  the documentation required as a record of the installation process, including

certification documentation.

T12  Maintenance procedures in hazardous areas that will ensure the integrity of the

explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  the purpose of a maintenance schedule;

  the purpose and extent of ‘close’, ‘sample’ and ‘periodic’ inspections;

  the features of each explosion-protection techniques that should be included in

a maintenance schedule;

  the impact of environmental conditions on explosion-protected equipment,

including corrosion and frequency of maintenance;

  the documentation requirements for recording the maintenance process and

results;

  the use of Standards in determining the requirements with which the design of

explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T13  Cable termination types suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  explosion protection features of cable terminations devices.

  selecting compliant cable termination devices.

T14  Terminating cables suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  installing conduit systems, where applicable, including seals to meet hazardous

areas requirements. (Gases only.)

  terminating a cable with a barrier gland. (Gases only.)

  terminating a multipair, SWA, overall screened, individual screened cable into

an enclosure.

  testing termination/connections of installed cables/circuits.

UEENEEM026A Install explosion-protected equipment and wiring systems

- pressurisation

KS01-EM026A

Explosion protection installation and maintenance requirements

Evidence shall show an understanding of explosion protection installation and

maintenance requirements to an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T2  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

 The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T3  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T4  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T5  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T6  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T7  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T8  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

  The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

for use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires).

T9  Preparation to install and maintain explosion-protected equipment in

hazardous areas encompassing:

  OHS procedures to be followed when working in a hazardous area;

  the significance of information provided on the certification documentation

and schedules for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  the typical contents of a verification dossier and their purpose; and

  limitations in the use of tools and testing devices in hazardous areas.

T10  The relationship between explosion-protected equipment, their certification

documents and required locations given in specifications and layout drawings and/or

written instructions encompassing:

  the purpose of markings on the compliance plate and certification documents

for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  matching explosion-protected equipment with certification documents and the

equipment specified for an installation; and

the location the items of explosion-protected equipment for an installation

from specifications and layout drawings and/or instructions.

T11  Installation Standards and requirements applicable to hazardous

encompassing:

  the wiring systems permitted and not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  equipment not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  the regulations and Standards to which explosion-protected equipment and

wiring must be installed in a hazardous area and how these are applied; and

  the documentation required as a record of the installation process, including

certification documentation.

T12  Maintenance procedures in hazardous areas that will ensure the integrity of the

explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  the purpose of a maintenance schedule;

  the purpose and extent of ‘close’, ‘sample’ and ‘periodic’ inspections;

  the features of each explosion-protection techniques that should be included in

a maintenance schedule;

  the impact of environmental conditions on explosion-protected equipment,

including corrosion and frequency of maintenance;

  the documentation requirements for recording the maintenance process and

results;

  the use of Standards in determining the requirements with which the design of

explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T13  Cable termination types suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  explosion protection features of cable terminations devices.

  selecting compliant cable termination devices.

T14  Terminating cables suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  installing conduit systems, where applicable, including seals to meet hazardous

areas requirements. (Gases only.)

  terminating a cable with a barrier gland. (Gases only.)

  terminating a multipair, SWA, overall screened, individual screened cable into

an enclosure.

  testing termination/connections of installed cables/circuits.

BAE633 Safety Audit in Hazardous Areas

UEENEEM036A Conduct a conformity assessment of explosion-protected

equipment - gas atmospheres

KS01-EM036A

Explosion-protected equipment conformity assessment

Evidence shall show an understanding of explosion-protected equipment conformity

assessment to an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Occupational Health and Safety responsibilities related to hazardous areas

encompassing:

  the main features and purpose of a ‘clearance to work’ system (includes hot

work permit systems).

  typical safety procedures that should be followed before entering a hazardous

area;

  the purpose of gas detectors and their limitations;

  effects of temperature on gas and vapour detection;

  frequency of monitoring for presence of gas or vapours, i.e. effects of

temperature rise;

  factors affecting the accuracy of gas detectors, for example, contamination,

condensation, temperature;

  safety in use of gas detectors, for example, ‘read and run concept’

  the safety precautions to be taken when working in a hazardous area.

T2  The roles of the parties involved in the safety of hazardous areas

encompassing:

  common Acts and Regulations related to the safety of hazardous areas and the

Authorities responsible for their implementation;

  where assistance and further information can be obtained to assist persons with

hazardous area responsibilities, for example, Standard bodies, experienced

consultants; and

  the hazardous area responsibilities of the owner of premises in which a

hazardous area exists; the occupier of premises in which a hazardous area

exists; enterprises and personnel engaged in installation and/or maintenance of

explosion-protection systems; enterprises and personnel engaged in the

classification of hazardous areas and/or design of explosion-protection

systems; enterprises and personnel engaged in the overhaul, modification

and/or assessment of explosion-protected equipment; enterprises and personnel

engaged in the inspection of explosion-protection installations; manufacturers

of explosion-protected equipment; designated authorities; insurers.

T3  Properties of combustible substances and their potential to create an explosive

hazard encompassing:

  condition in the workplace that will lead to an explosion;

  the terms ‘combustion’, ‘ignition’ and ‘propagation’;

  explosive range of substances encountered in the workplace i.e. LEL/UEL;

  explosive parameters of substances as given in tables of substance properties

  Note: Combustible materials are gases, vapours (from liquids), and dusts; flash

point.

  the difference between gases and vapours; and

  the toxic nature of gases and vapours and potential harmful consequences.

T4  The nature of hazardous areas encompassing:

  the Standards definition of a ‘hazardous area’;

  the recommended methods for classifying the type and degree of explosion

hazard in an area;

  hazardous area classifications as defined by Standards; and

  factors that are considered when a hazardous area is classified.

 the basics of how explosion-protection is achieved by the methods of

exclusion, containment, energy limitation, dilution, avoidance of ignition

source.

T5  Explosive-protected equipment encompassing:

  The principles of each explosion-protection technique, the methods used and

how each technique works (Flameproof (Ex ‘d’); Increased safety (Ex ‘e’);

Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’); Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) and Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) for

gas atmospheres and Dust-exclusion enclosures (Ex ‘tD’); Pressurization (Ex

pD’); Encapsulation (Ex ‘mD’); and Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘iD’) for dusts)

  How explosion-protected equipment is identified by the ‘Ex’ symbol marked

on the equipment, including old equipment and equipment certified in another

country.

  Visible conditions or actions that would void the explosion-protection provided

by a particular technique.

T6  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T7  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T8  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T9  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T10  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T11  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T12  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T13  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

  The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

for use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires).

T14  The compliance certification and the ‘Ex’ scheme for recognition of

certification encompassing:

  the purposes of certification of explosion-protected equipment;

  the parties involved in the assessment/testing and certification of

explosion-protected equipment and their responsibilities; and

  the process for recognition of assessment/testing and certification of

explosion-protected equipment from other countries.

T15  The preparation required to assess explosion-protected equipment for

compliance with Standards encompassing:

  the special safety measures that should be taken when assessing/testing

explosion-protected equipment;

  documentation required prior to conducting conformity assessment;

  tests necessary to establish that an item of explosion-protected equipment

conforms with relevant Standards; and

  situations where testing is not applicable or required.

T16  Assessing and testing explosion-protected equipment encompassing:

  assessment and test requirements; and.

  procedures for conducting a conformity assessment.

T17  Documentation used in assessing explosion-protected equipment for

conformance to accepted Standards encompassing:

  The documentation and Standard(s) required to begin an assessment.

  The differences between the test requirements of Standards from other

countries and the compliant/acceptable Standards against which the equipment

is being assessed.

  Results given in equipment test reports.

  Conformity assessment processes and procedures.

T18  Assessing to a current acceptable Standard existing equipment that has been

certified to previously acceptable Standards encompassing:

  processes and procedures used; and

  possible outcomes.

T19  A clause by clause assessment between the equipment manufacturing

Standard(s) and the current acceptable Ex Standards encompassing:

  processes and procedures used; and

  differences between the Standards that may be detected.

UEENEEM057A Design explosion-protected electrical systems and

installations - gas atmospheres

KS01-EM057A

Hazardous area electrical systems design

Evidence shall show an understanding of hazardous area electrical systems design to

an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Occupational Health and Safety responsibilities related to hazardous areas

encompassing:

  the main features and purpose of a ‘clearance to work’ system (includes hot

work permit systems).

  typical safety procedures that should be followed before entering a hazardous

area;

  the purpose of gas detectors and their limitations;

  effects of temperature on gas and vapour detection;

  frequency of monitoring for presence of gas or vapours, i.e. effects of

temperature rise;

  factors affecting the accuracy of gas detectors, for example, contamination,

condensation, temperature;

  safety in use of gas detectors, for example, ‘read and run concept’

  the safety precautions to be taken when working in a hazardous area.

T2  The roles of the parties involved in the safety of hazardous areas

encompassing:

  common Acts and Regulations related to the safety of hazardous areas and the

Authorities responsible for their implementation;

  where assistance and further information can be obtained to assist persons with

hazardous area responsibilities, for example, Standard bodies, experienced

UEENEEM068A Assess the fitness-for-purpose of hazardous areas

explosion-protected equipment - gas atmospheres

KS01-EM068A

Explosion-protected equipment fitness-for-purpose

Evidence shall show an understanding of explosion-protected equipment

fitness-for-purpose to an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Preparation to install and maintain explosion-protected equipment in

hazardous areas encompassing:

  OHS procedures to be followed when working in a hazardous area;

  the significance of information provided on the certification documentation

and schedules for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  the typical contents of a verification dossier and their purpose; and

  limitations in the use of tools and testing devices in hazardous areas.

T2  The relationship between explosion-protected equipment, their certification

documents and required locations given in specifications and layout drawings and/or

written instructions encompassing:

the purpose of markings on the compliance plate and certification documents

for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  matching explosion-protected equipment with certification documents and the

equipment specified for an installation; and

  the location the items of explosion-protected equipment for an installation

from specifications and layout drawings and/or instructions.

T3  Installation Standards and requirements applicable to hazardous

encompassing:

  the wiring systems permitted and not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  equipment not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  the regulations and Standards to which explosion-protected equipment and

wiring must be installed in a hazardous area and how these are applied; and

  the documentation required as a record of the installation process, including

certification documentation.

T4  Maintenance procedures in hazardous areas that will ensure the integrity of the

explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  the purpose of a maintenance schedule;

  the purpose and extent of ‘close’, ‘sample’ and ‘periodic’ inspections;

  the features of each explosion-protection techniques that should be included in

a maintenance schedule;

  the impact of environmental conditions on explosion-protected equipment,

including corrosion and frequency of maintenance;

  the documentation requirements for recording the maintenance process and

results;

  the use of Standards in determining the requirements with which the design of

explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T5  Cable termination types suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  explosion protection features of cable terminations devices.

  selecting compliant cable termination devices.

T6  The relationship between the documentation held in a verification dossier and

the installed equipment encompassing:

  consistency between the location and type of equipment with the area

classification details in the verification dossier; and

  equipment certification and any attached conditions that relate to the

equipment as it is installed.

T7  Inspecting a hazardous area installation encompassing:

  typical processes for undertaking the inspection of a hazardous area

installation;

requirements applicable to a given installation; and

  reporting of an inspection of a hazardous area installation.

T8  Documentation used in assessing explosion-protected equipment for

conformance to accepted Standards encompassing:

  The documentation and Standard(s) required to begin an assessment.

  The differences between the test requirements of Standards from other

countries and the compliant/acceptable Standards against which the equipment

is being assessed.

  Results given in equipment test reports.

  Conformity assessment processes and procedures.

T9  Assessing to a current acceptable Standard existing equipment that has been

certified to previously acceptable Standards encompassing:

  processes and procedures used; and

  possible outcomes.

T10  A clause by clause assessment between the equipment manufacturing

Standard(s) and the current acceptable Ex Standards encompassing:

  processes and procedures used; and

  differences between the Standards that may be detected.

T11  Techniques used in fitness-for purpose assessment of equipment for use in

hazardous areas encompassing:

  Processes for verifying that a design specification meets the integrity of the

equipment, showing the equipment is fit-for-purpose and is safe to use:

  Standards against which fitness-for-purpose assessment is made;

  the need to maintain the accuracy/calibration of measuring/test

devices/tools;

  assessment and measurements/tests requirements for determining that an

item of explosion-protected equipment complies with the relevant

Standards and meets the certification requirements;

  testing that is/is not required to determine compliance of the equipment

being assessed; and

  development of different tests to those given in Standards and justification

as to how they achieve the same result.

  Typical specification for the equipment to be assessed as fit-for-purpose.

T12  Processes used in auditing hazardous areas encompassing:

  Requirements to retain hazardous areas documentation on site.

  Components of an audit:

  authenticity of documentation;

hazardous areas delineations shown in site diagrams;

  location and operating parameters of equipment shown in certification

documents;

  compliance of equipment location;

  compliance of wiring systems; and

  alignment of hazardous areas documentation to as- built installation.

  Reporting non-conformance of an installation.

BAE 634 Explosion Protection Equipments & Methods

UEENEEM080A Report on the integrity of explosion-protected equipment

in a hazardous area

KS01-EM080A  Hazardous areas and explosion-protection

principles

Evidence shall show an understanding of hazardous areas and explosion-protection

principles (including working safely in hazardous areas), principles of the following

explosion-protection techniques and visible conditions of explosion-protection

equipment that indicate the protection is void and changes in the nature of the

explosion hazard that may render the explosion-protection unsafe. to an extent

indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Occupational Health and Safety responsibilities related to hazardous areas

encompassing:

the main features and purpose of a ‘clearance to work’ system (includes hot work

permit systems).

  typical safety procedures that should be followed before entering a hazardous area;

  the purpose of gas detectors and their limitations;

  effects of temperature on gas and vapour detection;

  frequency of monitoring for presence of gas or vapours, i.e. effects of temperature

rise;

  factors affecting the accuracy of gas detectors, for example, contamination,

condensation, temperature;

  safety in use of gas detectors, for example, ‘read and run concept’

  the safety precautions to be taken when working in a hazardous area.

T2  The roles of the parties involved in the safety of hazardous areas

encompassing:

  common Acts and Regulations related to the safety of hazardous areas and the

Authorities responsible for their implementation;

  where assistance and further information can be obtained to assist persons with

hazardous area responsibilities, for example, Standard bodies, experienced

consultants; and

  the hazardous area responsibilities of the owner of premises in which a hazardous

area exists; the occupier of premises in which a hazardous area exists; enterprises

and personnel engaged in installation and/or maintenance of explosion-protection

systems; enterprises and personnel engaged in the classification of hazardous areas

and/or design of explosion-protection systems; enterprises and personnel engaged

in the overhaul, modification and/or assessment of explosion-protected equipment;

enterprises and personnel engaged in the inspection of explosion-protection

installations; manufacturers of explosion-protected equipment; designated

authorities; insurers.

T3  Properties of combustible substances and their potential to create an explosive

hazard encompassing:

  condition in the workplace that will lead to an explosion;

  the terms ‘combustion’, ‘ignition’ and ‘propagation’;

  explosive range of substances encountered in the workplace i.e. LEL/UEL;

  explosive parameters of substances as given in tables of substance properties

Note: Combustible materials are gases, vapours (from liquids), and dusts; flash point.

  the difference between gases and vapours; and

  the toxic nature of gases and vapours and potential harmful consequences.

T4  The nature of hazardous areas encompassing:

  the Standards definition of a ‘hazardous area’;

  the recommended methods for classifying the type and degree of explosion hazard

in an area;

  hazardous area classifications as defined by Standards; and

factors that are considered when a hazardous area is classified.

  the basics of how explosion-protection is achieved by the methods of exclusion,

containment, energy limitation, dilution, avoidance of ignition source.

T5  Explosive-protected equipment encompassing:

  The principles of each explosion-protection technique, the methods used and how

each technique works (Flameproof (Ex ‘d’); Increased safety (Ex ‘e’);

Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’); Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) and Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) for gas

atmospheres and Dust-exclusion enclosures (Ex ‘tD’); Pressurization (Ex ‘pD’);

Encapsulation (Ex ‘mD’); and Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘iD’) for dusts)

  How explosion-protected equipment is identified by the ‘Ex’ symbol marked on

the equipment, including old equipment and equipment certified in another

country.

  Visible conditions or actions that would void the explosion-protection provided by

a particular technique.

T6  Explosion-protection visual checks encompassing:

  occupational, health and safety procedures to be followed before entering

hazardous areas; and while conducting visual inspection.

  Visible defects in explosion-protected equipment and wiring.

  Conditions that may indicate a change in a given explosion hazard.

  Reporting defects in explosion-protected equipment and wiring - the purpose of a

verification dossier; and various ways for reporting defects in explosion-protected

equipment and wiring.

  procedures to be followed in the event of a change in the explosion hazard.

 

UEENEEM065A Conduct audit of hazardous areas installations - gas

Atmospheres

KS01-EM065A

Hazardous areas installation auditing

Evidence shall show an understanding of hazardous areas installation auditing to an

extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Occupational Health and Safety responsibilities related to hazardous areas

encompassing:

  the main features and purpose of a ‘clearance to work’ system (includes hot

work permit systems).

  typical safety procedures that should be followed before entering a hazardous

area;

  the purpose of gas detectors and their limitations;

  effects of temperature on gas and vapour detection;

  frequency of monitoring for presence of gas or vapours, i.e. effects of

temperature rise;

  factors affecting the accuracy of gas detectors, for example, contamination,

condensation, temperature;

  safety in use of gas detectors, for example, ‘read and run concept’

  the safety precautions to be taken when working in a hazardous area.

T2  The roles of the parties involved in the safety of hazardous areas

encompassing:

  common Acts and Regulations related to the safety of hazardous areas and the

Authorities responsible for their implementation;

  where assistance and further information can be obtained to assist persons with

hazardous area responsibilities, for example, Standard bodies, experienced

consultants; and

  the hazardous area responsibilities of the owner of premises in which a

hazardous area exists; the occupier of premises in which a hazardous area

exists; enterprises and personnel engaged in installation and/or maintenance of

explosion-protection systems; enterprises and personnel engaged in the

classification of hazardous areas and/or design of explosion-protection

systems; enterprises and personnel engaged in the overhaul, modification

and/or assessment of explosion-protected equipment; enterprises and personnel

engaged in the inspection of explosion-protection installations; manufacturers

of explosion-protected equipment; designated authorities; insurers.

T3  Properties of combustible substances and their potential to create an explosive

hazard encompassing:

  condition in the workplace that will lead to an explosion;

  the terms ‘combustion’, ‘ignition’ and ‘propagation’;

  explosive range of substances encountered in the workplace i.e. LEL/UEL;

  explosive parameters of substances as given in tables of substance properties

  Note: Combustible materials are gases, vapours (from liquids), and dusts; flash

point.

  the difference between gases and vapours; and

  the toxic nature of gases and vapours and potential harmful consequences.

T4  The nature of hazardous areas encompassing:

  the Standards definition of a ‘hazardous area’;

  the recommended methods for classifying the type and degree of explosion

hazard in an area;

  hazardous area classifications as defined by Standards; and

  factors that are considered when a hazardous area is classified.

  the basics of how explosion-protection is achieved by the methods of

exclusion, containment, energy limitation, dilution, avoidance of ignition

source.

T5  Explosive-protected equipment encompassing:

  The principles of each explosion-protection technique, the methods used and

how each technique works (Flameproof (Ex ‘d’); Increased safety (Ex ‘e’);

Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’); Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) and Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) for

gas atmospheres and Dust-exclusion enclosures (Ex ‘tD’); Pressurization (Ex

pD’); Encapsulation (Ex ‘mD’); and Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘iD’) for dusts)

  How explosion-protected equipment is identified by the ‘Ex’ symbol marked

on the equipment, including old equipment and equipment certified in another

country.

  Visible conditions or actions that would void the explosion-protection provided

by a particular technique.

T6  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T7  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T8  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T9  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T10  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T11  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T12  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T13  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

  The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

or use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires).

T14  Preparation to install and maintain explosion-protected equipment in

hazardous areas encompassing:

  OHS procedures to be followed when working in a hazardous area;

  the significance of information provided on the certification documentation

and schedules for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

 the typical contents of a verification dossier and their purpose; and

  limitations in the use of tools and testing devices in hazardous areas.

T15  The relationship between explosion-protected equipment, their certification

documents and required locations given in specifications and layout drawings and/or

written instructions encompassing:

  the purpose of markings on the compliance plate and certification documents

for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  matching explosion-protected equipment with certification documents and the

equipment specified for an installation; and

  the location the items of explosion-protected equipment for an installation

from specifications and layout drawings and/or instructions.

T16  Installation Standards and requirements applicable to hazardous

encompassing:

  the wiring systems permitted and not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  equipment not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  the regulations and Standards to which explosion-protected equipment and

wiring must be installed in a hazardous area and how these are applied; and

  the documentation required as a record of the installation process, including

certification documentation.

T17  Processes used in auditing hazardous areas encompassing:

  Requirements to retain hazardous areas documentation on site.

  Components of an audit:

  authenticity of documentation;

  hazardous areas delineations shown in site diagrams;

  location and operating parameters of equipment shown in certification

documents;

  compliance of equipment location;

  compliance of wiring systems; and

  alignment of hazardous areas documentation to as- built installation.

  Reporting non-conformance of an installation.

 

BAE 635 Testing in Hazardous Areas

UEENEEM039A Conduct testing of hazardous areas installations - gas

Atmospheres

KS01-EM039A

Hazardous area installations testing

Evidence shall show an understanding of hazardous area installations testing to an

extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T2  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T3  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T4  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T5  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T6  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T7  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T8  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

  The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

for use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires).

T9  Preparation to install and maintain explosion-protected equipment in

hazardous areas encompassing:

  OHS procedures to be followed when working in a hazardous area;

  the significance of information provided on the certification documentation

and schedules for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  the typical contents of a verification dossier and their purpose; and

  limitations in the use of tools and testing devices in hazardous areas.

T10  The relationship between explosion-protected equipment, their certification

documents and required locations given in specifications and layout drawings and/or

written instructions encompassing:

  the purpose of markings on the compliance plate and certification documents

for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  matching explosion-protected equipment with certification documents and the

equipment specified for an installation; and

the location the items of explosion-protected equipment for an installation

from specifications and layout drawings and/or instructions.

T11  Installation Standards and requirements applicable to hazardous

encompassing:

  the wiring systems permitted and not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  equipment not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  the regulations and Standards to which explosion-protected equipment and

wiring must be installed in a hazardous area and how these are applied; and

  the documentation required as a record of the installation process, including

certification documentation.

T12  Cable termination types suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  explosion protection features of cable terminations devices.

  selecting compliant cable termination devices.

T13  Terminating cables suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  installing conduit systems, where applicable, including seals to meet hazardous

areas requirements. (Gases only.)

  terminating a cable with a barrier gland. (Gases only.)

  terminating a multipair, SWA, overall screened, individual screened cable into

an enclosure.

  testing termination/connections of installed cables/circuits.

T14  Preparation for conducting installation testing in a hazardous area

encompassing:

  OHS procedures to be followed for working in a hazardous area; and

  procedures for determining whether a given hazardous area is safe to conduct

electrical testing.

T15  Characteristics and limitations of testing equipment used to test installation in

hazardous areas encompassing:

  testing devices required to test an installation in a hazardous area; and

  the suitability of testing device for use in a hazardous area.

T16  Documentation of results of hazardous area installation tests encompassing:

  test results that should be recorded in a verification dossier; and

  procedures and options for dealing with test results that show

non-conformance.

 

UEENEEM052A Classify hazardous areas - gas atmospheres

KS01-EM052A  Hazardous areas classification

Evidence shall show an understanding of processes involved in gathering and

analysing technical data to classify non-specific hazardous areas. The following

aspects indicate the extent of understanding required.

T1  Occupational Health and Safety responsibilities related to hazardous areas

encompassing:

  the main features and purpose of a ‘clearance to work’ system (includes hot work

permit systems).

  typical safety procedures that should be followed before entering a hazardous area;

  the purpose of gas detectors and their limitations;

  effects of temperature on gas and vapour detection;

  frequency of monitoring for presence of gas or vapours, i.e. effects of temperature

rise;

  factors affecting the accuracy of gas detectors, for example, contamination,

condensation, temperature;

  safety in use of gas detectors, for example, ‘read and run concept’

  the safety precautions to be taken when working in a hazardous area.

T2  The roles of the parties involved in the safety of hazardous areas

encompassing:

  common Acts and Regulations related to the safety of hazardous areas and the

Authorities responsible for their implementation;

  where assistance and further information can be obtained to assist persons with

hazardous area responsibilities, for example, Standard bodies, experienced

consultants; and

  the hazardous area responsibilities of the owner of premises in which a hazardous

area exists; the occupier of premises in which a hazardous area exists; enterprises

and personnel engaged in installation and/or maintenance of explosion-protection

systems; enterprises and personnel engaged in the classification of hazardous areas

and/or design of explosion-protection systems; enterprises and personnel engaged

in the overhaul, modification and/or assessment of explosion-protected equipment;

enterprises and personnel engaged in the inspection of explosion-protection

installations; manufacturers of explosion-protected equipment; designated

authorities; insurers.

T3  Properties of combustible substances and their potential to create an explosive

hazard encompassing:

  condition in the workplace that will lead to an explosion;

  the terms ‘combustion’, ‘ignition’ and ‘propagation’;

  explosive range of substances encountered in the workplace i.e. LEL/UEL;

  explosive parameters of substances as given in tables of substance properties

Note: Combustible materials are gases, vapours (from liquids), and dusts; flash point.

  the difference between gases and vapours; and

  the toxic nature of gases and vapours and potential harmful consequences.

T4  The nature of hazardous areas encompassing:

  the Standards definition of a ‘hazardous area’;

  the recommended methods for classifying the type and degree of explosion hazard

in an area;

  hazardous area classifications as defined by Standards; and

  factors that are considered when a hazardous area is classified.

  the basics of how explosion-protection is achieved by the methods of exclusion,

containment, energy limitation, dilution, avoidance of ignition source.

T5  The process of classifying hazardous areas encompassing:

  methods by which an area can be classified;

  the characteristics/attributes of an area that should be considered in the

classification process, for example, type of process, nature of plant, source and

nature of release;

  the requirements and Standards for classifying a hazardous area; and

  the responsibilities of the owner/occupiers for classification of a hazardous area.

T6  The likelihood (zoning) or risk assessment method of an explosive hazard

encompassing:

  ignition properties of materials relevant to determining the likelihood and extent of

an explosive hazard;

  sources for obtaining data on ignition properties of materials under the conditions

in which they could be present in a given process;

  methods for assessment and calculation of factors such as release rate , ventilation

and dispersion characteristics; and and

  means for reducing hazard risk.

T7  The extent of an explosive hazard and classifying an area accordingly

encompassing:

  the extent of zones for an area given data on the likelihood of the explosive hazard

for that area;

  requirements for documenting the classification of a hazardous area; and

  the extent of the zones, temperature classes and gas groups on site drawings in a

hazardous area.

 

BAE 636 Inspection in Hazardous Area

UEENEEM078A Manage compliance of hazardous areas

KS01-EM078A  Hazardous areas compliance requirements

Evidence shall show an understanding of hazardous areas compliance requirements to

an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Occupational Health and Safety responsibilities related to hazardous areas

encompassing:

  the main features and purpose of a ‘clearance to work’ system (includes hot work

permit systems).

  typical safety procedures that should be followed before entering a hazardous area;

  the purpose of gas detectors and their limitations;

  effects of temperature on gas and vapour detection;

  frequency of monitoring for presence of gas or vapours, i.e. effects of temperature

rise;

  factors affecting the accuracy of gas detectors, for example, contamination,

condensation, temperature;

  safety in use of gas detectors, for example, ‘read and run concept’

the safety precautions to be taken when working in a hazardous area.

T2  The roles of the parties involved in the safety of hazardous areas

encompassing:

  common Acts and Regulations related to the safety of hazardous areas and the

Authorities responsible for their implementation;

  where assistance and further information can be obtained to assist persons with

hazardous area responsibilities, for example, Standard bodies, experienced

consultants; and

  the hazardous area responsibilities of the owner of premises in which a hazardous

area exists; the occupier of premises in which a hazardous area exists; enterprises

and personnel engaged in installation and/or maintenance of explosion-protection

systems; enterprises and personnel engaged in the classification of hazardous areas

and/or design of explosion-protection systems; enterprises and personnel engaged

in the overhaul, modification and/or assessment of explosion-protected equipment;

enterprises and personnel engaged in the inspection of explosion-protection

installations; manufacturers of explosion-protected equipment; designated

authorities; insurers.

T3  Properties of combustible substances and their potential to create an explosive

hazard encompassing:

  condition in the workplace that will lead to an explosion;

  the terms ‘combustion’, ‘ignition’ and ‘propagation’;

  explosive range of substances encountered in the workplace i.e. LEL/UEL;

  explosive parameters of substances as given in tables of substance properties

Note: Combustible materials are gases, vapours (from liquids), and dusts; flash point.

  the difference between gases and vapours; and

  the toxic nature of gases and vapours and potential harmful consequences.

T4  The nature of hazardous areas encompassing:

  the Standards definition of a ‘hazardous area’;

  the recommended methods for classifying the type and degree of explosion hazard

in an area;

  hazardous area classifications as defined by Standards; and

  factors that are considered when a hazardous area is classified.

  the basics of how explosion-protection is achieved by the methods of exclusion,

containment, energy limitation, dilution, avoidance of ignition source.

T5  The responsibilities of a person managing activities or a site related to a

hazardous area, encompassing:

  OHS procedures that are to be established;

  responsibilities for ensuring that a hazardous area is safe; and

  responsibilities and processes for establishing and maintaining a verification

dossier.

T6  Explosion-protection strategies in relation to a hazardous area, encompassing:

  the process of classifying a hazardous area;

  various ways in which electrical systems /apparatus can be treated to prevent them

from becoming an ignition source; and

  the cost of the different ways of treating electrical systems/apparatus associated

with hazardous areas.

T7  Requirements for the maintenance of electrical systems associated with

hazardous areas, encompassing:

  the type and grades of inspection of hazardous areas;

  maintenance programs for electrical explosion-protected systems/apparatus; and

documentation requirements associated with maintenance procedures.

 

UEENEEM042A Conduct visual inspection of hazardous areas installations

KS01-EM042A

Hazardous areas visual inspection

Evidence shall show an understanding of the purpose and process of hazardous areas

visual inspections to an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Occupational, health and safety procedures encompassing:

 occupational, health and safety procedures to be followed before entering

hazardous areas; and

occupational, health and safety procedures to be followed while conducting

visual inspection.

T2  Requirements for a verification dossier and relationship to as-built electrical

installation.

T3  Purpose, scope and limitations of visual inspections.

T4  Documentation requirements resulting from a visual inspection.

 

UEENEEM044A Conduct detailed inspection of hazardous areas

installations - gas atmospheres

KS01-EM044A

Hazardous areas detailed inspection techniques

Evidence shall show an understanding of hazardous areas detailed inspection

techniques to an extent indicated by the following aspects:

T1  Explosion-protection equipment — Ex certification schemes encompassing:

  Purpose and scope of certification schemes.

  Schemes accepted in Australia and New Zealand.

  Schemes commonly used in countries other than Australia and New Zealand.

  Processes for having equipment certified under the acceptable Ex schemes —

scheme procedures; quality management requirements; conformance testing

and assessment; and requirements for ongoing certification.

T2  Flameproof (Ex ‘d’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the flameproof (Ex ‘d’) technique. (Examples of characteristics

and design features are flame paths, integrity under pressure, pressure piling,

and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the flameproof explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Flameproof

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of flameproof explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T3  Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Increased safety (Ex ‘e’) technique (Examples of

characteristics and design features are temperature rise, maximum power

dissipation, protection devices, certified components, creepage and clearance

distances, absence of sparking contacts and enclosure entries).

  Typical situations where the Increased safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Increased

safety technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Increased safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T4  Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Non-sparking (Ex ‘n’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are creepage and clearance distances and restricted

breathing).

  Typical situations where the Non-sparking explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

Non-sparking technique; and

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Non-sparking explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T5  Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Intrinsic safety (Ex ‘i’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are field devices, cables, safe area devices, earthing, entity

versus integrated system concept, simple devices and interface devices and

their parameters, segregation, infallible components, current and voltage

limiting, creepage and clearance distances).

  Typical situations where the Intrinsic safety explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the Intrinsic

safety;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of Intrinsic safety explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T6  Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the Pressurization (Ex ‘p’) technique (Examples of characteristics

and design features are exclusion and dilution; purge periods, controlled shut

down, monitoring and sources of internal release).

  Typical situations where the pressurization explosion-protection technique is

used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the

pressurization technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of pressurization explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T7  Enclosures for dusts (Ex ‘tD’) - explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  The purpose and characteristics of the design features of apparatus and circuits

protected by the techniques for dusts (Examples of characteristics and design

features are for enclosures; pressurization; encapsulation; and intrinsic safety).

  Typical situations where the each dust explosion-protection technique is used;

  Actions or conditions that would void the protection provided the each dust

technique;

  The use of Standards in determining the requirements to which the installation

of dust explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

REQUIRED SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE

T8  Common characteristics of explosion-protection techniques encompassing:

  The purposes of ‘temperature classification’ and ‘gas grouping/apparatus

grouping’.

  Compliance plate markings.

  Limitations of non-metallic or specific alloy enclosures.

  The purpose of conformity and certification/approval for equipment used in

hazardous areas.

  Environmental conditions that may impact on explosion-protection techniques.

  The principles and applications of other and mixed explosion-protection

techniques (Other techniques include encapsulation Ex ‘m’; oil-immersion Ex

‘o’; powder-filling Ex ‘q’, ventilation Ex ‘v’ and special protection Ex ‘s’).

  Features and purpose of conduit seals and cable termination devices designed

for use in hazardous areas (These include conduit seals and barrier and

compression glands for cables with or without armouring, screening and/or

drain wires).

T9  Preparation to install and maintain explosion-protected equipment in

hazardous areas encompassing:

  OHS procedures to be followed when working in a hazardous area;

  the significance of information provided on the certification documentation

and schedules for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  the typical contents of a verification dossier and their purpose; and

  limitations in the use of tools and testing devices in hazardous areas.

T10  The relationship between explosion-protected equipment, their certification

documents and required locations given in specifications and layout drawings and/or

written instructions encompassing:

  the purpose of markings on the compliance plate and certification documents

for a given item of explosion-protected equipment;

  matching explosion-protected equipment with certification documents and the

equipment specified for an installation; and

  the location the items of explosion-protected equipment for an installation

from specifications and layout drawings and/or instructions.

T11  Installation Standards and requirements applicable to hazardous

encompassing:

  the wiring systems permitted and not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  equipment not permitted in or above hazardous areas;

  the regulations and Standards to which explosion-protected equipment and

wiring must be installed in a hazardous area and how these are applied; and

  the documentation required as a record of the installation process, including

certification documentation.

T12  Maintenance procedures in hazardous areas that will ensure the integrity of the

explosion-protection technique encompassing:

  the purpose of a maintenance schedule;

  the purpose and extent of ‘close’, ‘sample’ and ‘periodic’ inspections;

  the features of each explosion-protection techniques that should be included in

a maintenance schedule;

  the impact of environmental conditions on explosion-protected equipment,

including corrosion and frequency of maintenance;

  the documentation requirements for recording the maintenance process and

results;

  the use of Standards in determining the requirements with which the design of

explosion-protected apparatus shall comply.

T13  Cable termination types suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  explosion protection features of cable terminations devices.

  selecting compliant cable termination devices.

T14  Terminating cables suitable for use in hazardous areas encompassing:

  installing conduit systems, where applicable, including seals to meet hazardous

areas requirements. (Gases only.)

  terminating a cable with a barrier gland. (Gases only.)

  terminating a multipair, SWA, overall screened, individual screened cable into

an enclosure.

  testing termination/connections of installed cables/circuits.

T15  The relationship between the documentation held in a verification dossier and

the installed equipment encompassing:

  consistency between the location and type of equipment with the area

classification details in the verification dossier; and

  equipment certification and any attached conditions that relate to the

equipment as it is installed.

T16  Inspecting a hazardous area installation encompassing:

  typical processes for undertaking the inspection of a hazardous area

installation;

  requirements applicable to a given installation; and

  reporting of an inspection of a hazardous area installation.

BAE 637 Chemical Hazardous Management

 

1..... INTRODUCTION..

1.1         What are hazardous chemicals?.

1.2         Who has health and safety duties in relation to hazardous chemicals?.

1.3         What is required to manage the risks associated with hazardous chemicals?.

1.4         Prohibited and restricted hazardous chemicals.

1.5         Exposure standards.

1.6         Preparing a register and manifest of hazardous chemicals.

2..... IDENTIFYING HAZARDS..

2.1         How to identify which chemicals are hazardous.

2.2         Safety Data Sheets (SDS)

2.3         Labels.

2.4         Other sources of information.

3..... ASSESSING RISKS..

3.1         Decide who should do the assessment

3.2         Decide what sort of risk assessment is appropriate.

3.3         Things to consider in assessing health risks.

3.4         How to assess physicochemical risks.

4..... CONTROLLING RISKS..

4.1         The hierarchy of control

4.2         Specific control measures.

4.3         Maintaining control measures.

4.4         Providing information, training, instruction and supervision.

5..... MONITORING AND REVIEW...

5.1         Health monitoring.

5.2         Reviewing control measures.

6..... EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS..

6.1         Emergency plan.

6.2         Emergency equipment and safety equipment

6.3         Fire protection systems.

6.4         Monitors and alarms.

6.5         Automatic sprinkler systems.

6.6         Water supply.

 

BAE 638 Environmental Engineering in Hazardous Areas

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT

NOISE

SOCIOECONOMICS

TRANSPORTATION

UTILITIES

ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE

SUBSISTENCE

Mercury in the Environment

Health Hazards

MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT 

PIPELINE SAFETY REGULATIONS